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光学 MSA:QSFP-DD 使 PAM4 信号处于主导地位

19 February 2019 / by Matt Bolig

光学 MSA:QSFP-DD 使 PAM4 信号处于主导地位

在 2018 年进行了大量演示和 alpha 模块测试之后,双密度版本的四通道小型可插拔 (QFSP) 多源协议 (MSA) 模块标准有望成为新线卡的规则。QSFP-DD 热潮的隐含意义不是模块本身的物理特性,而是转向先进信令方法的趋势。十年前,QSFP28 的问世预示着使用 NRZ 信令的 25Gbps 电通道即将占据主导地位。如今,QSFP-DD 及其更庞大的表亲 —— 八进制 SFP 或 OSFP ,都使用 PAM4 信令。其用得最多的是 50Gbps 通道。但 QSFP-DD 足够灵活,可以在各种实施中使用八通道接口:25G x 8 用于 200Gbit 以太网,50G x 8 用于 400Gbit 以太网,可能还有一些早期的 100G x 8 用于预标准 800Gbit 以太网。

The slow evolution of pluggable optics MSAs has all but eliminated larger WAN-style optical modules (CFP types), while providing interoperability in physical and electrical standards through informal agreements rather than mandates from standards bodies. The original Small Form-factor Pluggable, or SFP, helped standardize and drive 10Gbps networks. The quad-channel QSFP was useful in migrating 10Gbps to 40Gbps networks. Then the faster successor, QSFP28, proved even more useful in driving 28Gbps channels that used NRZ coding. Four of these 28Gbps channels could be used to implement an effective 100Gbps module.

In 2017, PAM4 still was the emerging signaling for both 50Gbps channels, and for single-lambda 100G Ethernet. The long-time use of NRZ for 10Gbps and 25Gbps channels certainly will not disappear overnight. But the maturation of PAM4 technology (analog and digital instantiations) has placed the new signaling method at the forefront of the newest higher-speed Ethernet implementations. In fact, the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) has approved PAM4 as the preferred signaling for all 50Gbit, 100Gbit and 200Gbit and 400Gbit Ethernet standards within the umbrella 802.3bs, 802.3cd and 802.3ck standards. Additionally, MSAs such as the 100G per Lambda group are organizing to fill out PAM4 signaling for the entire data center ecosystem.

在过去的十五年中,Semtech 提供行业领先的 CDR 平台,集成了用于 10Gbps 和 25/100Gbps NRZ 光模块的 ClearEdge® 和 FiberEdge™ 平台新发布的 Tri-Edge CDR 平台保持了最小化成本、功率、封装和简单设计的特点,将为 PAM4 信令提供相同的优势,适用于从 50Gbps 到 400Gbps 及更高速度的下一代光模块。

This blog is the second in a series on Signal Integrity industry trends. Read part one here and subscribe to Semtech’s monthly blog digest for regular updates. 

Learn about Semtech’s applications for networking and optical communication, and download the Optical & IC Selector Guide.

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Semtech will be at the OFC Conference in San Diego March 5-7. 

Semtech, the Semtech logo, and ClearEdge are registered trademarks or service marks, and FiberEdge is a trademark or service mark, of Semtech Corporation.

话题:信号完整性Tri-Edge

作者 Matt Bolig

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